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Swaziland (SZ)

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Legal basis is the Trade Marks Act 6 of 1981, the Trade Mark Regulations of 1989, the Merchandise Marks Act of 1937 and the Merchandise Marks Regulations of 1937.
Swaziland is a member of the Paris Convention (since 1988).
Swaziland has also acceded to the Banjul Protocol of ARIPO (in 1997) and to the Madrid Agreement and Protocol of WIPO (in 1998).
These treaties have however not yet been implemented in the national trade mark laws of Swaziland, so that it is not clear whether valid trademark protection can be obtained in Swaziland via an ARIPO registration or a Madrid registration designating Swaziland. Swaziland has been a member of WTO/TRIPS since 1995.
Trademark protection is obtained by registration.
Nice classification (11th edition).
A trade mark is defined to mean any visible sign used or proposed to be used upon, in connection with or in relation to goods or services for the purpose of distinguishing, in the course of trade or business, the goods or services of a person from those of another. A visible sign is defined to mean any sign which is capable of graphic reproduction including a word, name, brand, device, heading, label, ticket, signature, letter, number, relief, stamp, seal, vignette or emblem or any combination thereof.
The following trademark types are registrable: trade marks for goods and services, series of trade marks and parts of trade marks.
The application for registration of a trade mark is filed with the Registrar of Trade Marks.
Multiple-class applications are possible. An application can include goods and/or services in any number of classes.
Foreign applicants need a local agent.
Foreign applicants do not need a domestic registration.
The following information and documents are required for registration:
- A power of attorney simply signed
- Full particulars of the applicant
- Reproductions of the mark
- Certified copy of the priority document (if applicable)
The application process includes a formal examination, an examination in respect of inherent registrability and a search for possible conflicts with prior registered trade marks or pending applications. Signs not deemed distinctive in the examination can be registered if distinctiveness has been acquired by use.
Once accepted by the Registrar, trade mark applications are published in the Official Gazette for opposition purposes.
The approximate time frame for completing the registration process of a trademark inclusive of examination, advertisement to issuance of the registration certificate, is between 9 and 12 months.
The opposition period is 3 months from the publication of the application in the Official Gazette, extendable at the discretion of the Registrar.

Details regarding the Opposition Period against designation of IR Mark are available in our publication on this topic here
Protection begins with the date of application. A trademark registration is valid for 10 years from the date of application. The registration is renewable for periods of 10 years after the initial period provided the registrant submits a statement confirming use of the trade mark in Swaziland during the preceding three years, or a statement that special circumstances prevented use of the trade mark.
The grace period for renewals is 6 months from expiration of the registration.

Further practical details are available in our publication on this topic here
A registered trade mark may be removed from the Register on the ground that up to one month prior to the filing of the application for removal, a continuous period of three years or longer has elapsed during which the registered proprietor has not used the trade mark.

Further practical details are available in our publication on this topic here
The official application fee is SZL 500.00 for one class and SZL 250.00 for each additional class. The registration fee is SZL 500.00 for one class and SZL 250.00 for each additional class.

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Country Index is a free service of SMD Group. We thank the following law firms for their assistance in updating the information provided.

Country Survey
Feb 15, 2017
Triebel IP, Pretoria, South Africa  

Sep 21, 2015
Triebel IP, Pretoria, South Africa  

Jul 18, 2014
Brian Bacon Inc., Cape Town, South Africa
DM Kisch Inc., Sandton, South Africa

Ministry of Commerce Industry and Trade
The Registrar of Trade Marks
P. O. Box 451
Mbabane H100
Tel +268 2404 2372 / 2282
Fax +268 2 404 4711

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
34, Chemin des Colombettes
1211 Geneva 20
Tel +41 22 33 89 11 1
Fax +41 22 73 35 42 8

African Regional Industrial Property Organization (ARIPO)
11 Natal Road

P.O. Box 4228

Tel +263 47 94 0 65 68
Fax +263 47 94 07 2 or 3