11-18-2013 (Newsletter Issue 16/13)
The Bulgarian PTO introduced an online tool for electronic filing of trademark applications on November 15, 2013. The users are able to submit applications through Bulgarian PTO’s website.
The tool was developed as a result of cooperation between the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) and the Bulgarian PTO.
Online tools for electronic renewal, electronic filing of oppositions and requests for revocation and invalidity are expected to follow soon.
Source: Patent Office of the Republic of Bulgaria and PETOŠEVIĆ
04-02-2013 (Newsletter Issue 4/13)
PTO to Abolish ‘Class Heading Covers All’ Approach
As of March 1, 2013, the Bulgarian PTO has changed its approach when interpreting the scope of protection when class headings are used in lists of goods and services in trademark applications and registrations.
National trademarks are not registered under the “class heading covers all” approach but under the “means what it says” approach, meaning that the national trademark applicants listing class headings has to clearly indicate whether they are seeking protection for all goods or services that fall within a particular class or only for the specific goods or services mentioned in the class heading.
The change follows the Court of Justice of the European Union’s June 19, 2012 decision in the IP Translator ‘class headings’ case (C-307/10 – Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys v Registrar of Trade Marks), after which all national PTOs in the EU and OHIM agreed to unify the approach.
Currently 17 out of 26 PTOs in the EU use the “means what it says” approach, while the other nine PTOs, including the Bulgarian PTO, use the “class heading covers all” approach where the class heading provides protection for all goods or services included in the alphabetical list of the class.
The differences in the interpretive approaches have led to legal uncertainty and lack of predictability in cases of claiming priority and seniority and in revocation, cancellation, examination and opposition proceedings.
The Bulgarian PTO has introduced the following basic rules:
- If the applicant wishes the scope of trademark protection to cover all goods and services included in the alphabetical list of the particular class, the applicant must explicitly state on the application that “The application refers to all goods/services included in the alphabetical list of this class".
- If the applicant does not explicitly state that the scope of protection covers all goods and services in the alphabetical list of the particular class, the PTO will conclude that the applicant is seeking protection only for the goods or services mentioned in the class heading.
The change in the practice of the Bulgarian PTO does not affect trademark applications and registrations filed or processed prior to March 1, 2013.
09-01-2011 (Newsletter Issue 10/11)
Opposition System Introduced/Official Fees Reduced
The Patent Office of the Republic of Bulgaria has implemented the regulation on opposition procedure, which entered into force on June 11th, 2011. The new regulation outlines the procedure for drafting, submitting and examining the opposition notices. It applies to trademark applications filed or published after March 10th, 2011.
As the Patent Office does not carry out examinations as to the relative grounds for refusal of trademarks anymore, the official fees for filing and examination of applications for registration of trademarks are reduced. Please view current fees in the country survey (below).
Source: Patent Office of the Republic of Bulgaria,
Borislav Boyanov & Co., Bulgaria
02-21-2011 (Newsletter Issue 3/11)Amendments of Trademark LawSome important amendments to the Bulgarian Law on Marks and Geographical Indications (LMGI) enter into force by March 10th, 2011.
The Bulgaria Patent Office (BPO) performs only formality and absolute grounds examination by March 10th, 2011. Under the new system the search for prior trademarks will be dropped.
Furthermore, the opposition period will change from 2 to 3 months, effective from March 10th, 2011.
For more information please click here
Source: Zivko Mijatovic & Partners, Sofia, Bulgaria
01-01-2011 (Newsletter Issue 1/11)Bulgarian Trademarks Added to TMviewBulgarian trademarks can be now searched via the free online database TMview provided by the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market of the European Union (OHIM). The tool enables trademark search on various official online database registers.
To access TMview please click here
09-15-2010 (Newsletter Issue 14/10)
Opposition Period Will Change
According to the amendments of the Bulgarian Trademark Law the opposition period will change from 2 to 3 months, effective from March 10th, 2011.
04-15-2010 (Newsletter Issue 9/10)
Adoption of Amendments to Trademark Law
On February 26, 2010, Bulgaria’s National Assembly adopted the draft Law amending the Law on Marks and Geographical Indications. The law was published in the Official Gazette on March 9, 2010 and enters into force in June 2010.
The draft law abolishes the previous practice of substantive examination and introduces opposition procedures. Previously, the Bulgarian Patent Office (BPO) had to examine the mark ex officio on both the absolute and the relative grounds for refusal, regardless whether an opposition has been filed or not.
Under the new system, trademark application will be examined on absolute grounds only and if it meets the requirements, it will be published in the Official Gazette of the BPO. Third parties have three months from the date of publication to file an opposition by submitting a written opposition.
This model corresponds to the examination procedure performed by the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) - OHIM, which manages Community Trade Marks and Community Designs within the European Union. The transitional and final provisions state that the rules governing the opposition procedure will enter into force 12 months after the law’s promulgation in the Official Gazette.
Another novelty concerns the State Register of Trademarks and the State Register of Geographical Indications maintained by the BPO. The BPO will from now on maintain all files in paper and electronic form. The electronic form will be published on the official website of the BPO and will be available to everyone. The application for registration of a mark or geographical indication can now be filed electronically.
The new system aims to shorten the process of issuing trademark registration and to achieve full compliance with the relevant EU regulations.
Legal basis is the Law on Marks and Geographical Indications (LMGI) of September 14th, 1999 (in force since December 15th, 1999, last amendments of March 9th, 2010).
Bulgaria is a member of the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol and the European Community.
Trademark protection is obtained by registration on the first-to-file principle.
Nice classification, 11th edition
Registrable as a trademark is a sign which is distinctive and could be graphically represented such as words, including names of persons, letters, numbers, drawings, figures, three-dimensional marks, the shape of the goods or of their packaging, combination of colours, sound signs or any combination of the such signs. Holograms can not be registered as it is considered that their representation is not constant.
The following trademark types are registrable: trade marks, service marks, collective marks and certification marks.
The application is filed at the Bulgarian Patent Office.
Multiple-class applications are possible.
Foreign applicants need a local agent.
A non-legalised power of attorney is acceptable in case of reciprocity, highly recommended is the special form available at the Patent Office.
Foreign applicants do not need a domestic registration.
The registration process includes:
1. A formal examination, 2. Examination on the absolute grounds – for trademarks filed under the national procedure, it will be conducted within three months after the formal examination; for international trademarks – within three months after the publication in the Official Bulletin issued by the Bulgarian Patent Office, 3. Publication of the application for opposition purposes, 3.1. In case an opposition is filed - opposition procedure and issuance of a decision to uphold or reject the opposition, and consequently, to register or refuse the trademark, or 3.2. In case no opposition is filed - registration of the trademark without any further examination on relative grounds.
Signs not deemed distinctive in the examination can be registered if the applicant can prove that distinctiveness has been acquired by use.
3 months following the publication date of the application in the national Bulletin.
It should be noted that, during the opposition procedure, the applicant may request a proof of use of the earlier mark, on which the opposition is based, if five years have passed from the date of its registration until the date of filing the opposition. In such case, the opponent is given two months for furnishing proof of use. If the opponent fails to provide evidence about the use of the earlier mark, the opposition is to be rejected.
Opposition against designation of IR Mark
3 months between the 6th and the 9th month following the date of national publication
A trademark registration is valid for 10 years from date of application. The registration is renewable for periods of 10 years.
The grace period for renewals is 6 months from the expiration date of the trademark.
Further practical details are available in our publication on this topic here
If the trademark has not been used within 5 years from registration or has not been used for a continuous period of 5 years, it may be subject to cancellation.
Further practical details are available in our publication on this topic here
The official fee for filing a trademark application including examination is BGN 150.00 up to three classes. For each additional class, another BGN 40.00 are due. The publication of the application in the Official Bulletin of the Patent Office costs BGN 40.00. The official fees for registration of a trademark, issuance of a certificate for registration and publication of the registration in the official Bulletin are BGN 400.00.
(Source for exchange-rates: bankenverband.de
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Practical details on licensing procedures, requirements and effectiveness are available in our publication on this topic here
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|Word Mark Search (availability)
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03-24-2016Zivko Mijatovic & Partners
, Sofia, Bulgaria
07-04-2013Zivko Mijatovic & Partners
, Sofia, Bulgaria
Patentcorrect Ltd., Sofia, BulgariaZivko Mijatovic & Partners
, Sofia, Bulgaria
Borislav Boyanov & Co., Sofia, Bulgaria