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Kulikowska & Kulikowski
Warsaw, Poland (PL)

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Poland (PL)

Sep 22, 2022 (Newsletter Issue 13/22)
IP Office Participates in WIPO Digital Access Service
The Patent Office of the Republic of Poland has notified WIPO, in accordance with paragraphs 10 and 12 of the Framework Provisions for the WIPO Digital Access Service (DAS), that it will act as an Accessing Office of WIPO DAS with effect from 1 September 2022.

The Office accepts all priority documents exchanged via WIPO DAS, including national and international patent applications, utility model applications, national and international design applications, and national trademark applications. Further, colour documents in PDF format are accepted.

For more information, please click here


Oct 22, 2020 (Newsletter Issue 17/20)
Back Office System Upgraded
On September 9, 2020, the Polish Patent Office (PPO), with the support of the EUIPO’s European Cooperation Projects, has upgraded its back office system.

The upgrade is designed to increase the efficiency, operational effectiveness and security of the PPO’s back office system, as well as to make maintenance easier.


May 28, 2020 (Newsletter Issue 8/20)
Specialised IP Courts Introduced
The new law of February 13, 2020, on the amendment of the Act of 17 November 1964 - Code of Civil Procedure and certain other acts (“Act”) was signed by the Polish President on February 19, 2020. The Act provides specialised intellectual property courts (IP Courts) which will be separated units of the Polish common courts. The law will enter into force on July 1, 2020.

The new IP Courts will be competent in all IP matters, including cases concerning trademarks of the European Union and Community Designs. It covers not only cases concerning protection of copyrights and industrial property rights, but also, among others, matters concerning combating and preventing unfair competition and protection of personal rights in certain cases, e.g. relating to advertising or promotion of goods and services, or scientific and inventive activities.

Four courts have been appointed to examine intellectual property matters, namely the District Courts in Warsaw, Gdansk, Poznan, and Lublin, and two Appeal Courts.

For more information, please click here


Apr 25, 2019 (Newsletter Issue 6/19)
Amendments to Trademark Law in Force
On March 16, 2019, the amendments to the Polish Industrial Property Law came into force adapting Directive 2015/2436, harmonizing the laws of the EU Member States regarding trademarks.

Some of the most important changes are the following:
- No graphical representation required
- Collective trademarks introduced
- Trademarks renewal procedure changed: It is enough to pay the fee for the next period of protection to renew the trademark.
- Licensee rights strengthened: Licensees can file a claim for trademark infringement with the proprietor’s consent, while the exclusive licensee will be entitled to bring an action if the trademark proprietor has failed to do so after having been asked by the licensee. Also, the licensee may intervene in proceedings initiated by the trademark proprietor to obtain compensation from the infringer.
- Evidence of genuine use of the trademark in court proceedings obligated
- Protection against preparatory actions introduced which relates to the use of packages or other things that contain a trademark, e.g. packaging, labels, tags, security or authenticity features or devices, or any other things to which a trademark is affixed.
- Liability of intermediaries for infringing trademark protection rights strengthened
- Protection of trademark during the transit of goods

For more information, please click here


Apr 04, 2019
IP Office Will Not Accept Merger Request of Intl. Registration
Poland has notified WIPO in accordance with new Rule 27ter(2)(b) of the Common Regulations under the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks and the Protocol Relating to that Agreement (the Common Regulations), which entered into force on February 1, 2019.

In the said notification, the IP Office has declared that its law does not provide for the merger of registrations of a mark and that, as a result, its Office will not present to the International Bureau of WIPO requests for the merger of international registrations resulting from division under new Rule 27ter(2)(a).

For further information, please click here


Oct 26, 2016 (Newsletter Issue 19/16)
Official Fees for Trademark Prosecution Changed
On October 14, 2016, new official fees for trademark prosecution in Poland entered into force.

Relevant changes are:
- Payment for trademark filing is now calculated separately for each class of protection (previously it was calculated for three first classes).
- Each class costs the same, regardless of the number of classes to be filed.
- A new fee for opposition is introduced.

The new official fee for a paper trademark application is now PLN 450, for an electronic trademark application is now PLN 400 for one class and PLN 120 for each additional class in both aforementioned forms.

For more information, please see the article of our Country Index partner here

Source: Kulikowska & Kulikowski, Poland

Apr 20, 2016 (Newsletter Issue 7/16)
Opposition Period and Examination Amended
The opposition period and official examination have been changed as of April 15, 2016.

The opposition period is now 3 months from the application date. Before, it was 6 months from the publication of registration.
Further, the Polish Patent Office examines trademark applications only on formal and absolute grounds. The examination on relative grounds was abolished.

Source: Kulikowska & Kulikowski, Poland

Mar 16, 2016 (Newsletter Issue 5/16)
E-Services Soon Available
On February 24, 2016, the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland announced the implementation of the e-Services project, part of the Software Package developed by the Cooperation Fund.

The e-Services project aims to develop a set of web-based tools for national and regional EU IP Offices to facilitate the electronic filing of trade mark oppositions, trade mark and design registrations and renewals, trade mark cancellations and design invalidities.


Nov 25, 2015 (Newsletter Issue 18/15)
Amendments to Industrial Property Law
On July 24, 2015, the Polish Parliament adopted an act amending the Polish Act on Industrial Property Law dated June 30, 2000. The amendments include changes in regulations concerning trademarks, industrial designs and patents.

Key changes in trademark law are for example that the changes extend the possibility of obtaining a joint right of protection for a trademark by introducing the possibility to grant in the name of each entity.

Another significant change is introducing the institution of “letters of consent”. Once it is in force, the Patent Office will be able to apply a legislative provision in a statutory manner and accept letters of consent in all the cases involving collision of a trademark with prior rights held by third parties.

Please see the article of Ms Monika Witkowska of the law firm Kulikowska & Kulikowski for further information here

The full text of the amended act can be seen in the original language here

Source: Kulikowska & Kulikowski, Poland

Sep 29, 2015 (Newsletter Issue 15/15)
New Interactive Forms for Trademark/Industrial Design Applications
The Polish Patent Office provides two new interactive forms to facilitate the generation of applications for registration of trademarks and industrial designs. These services are available on the website of the Polish Patent Office as well as in the Online Service Portal. However, the new interactive forms are not active yet.

Interactive forms have a range of functional features enabling a smooth and orderly completion of applications for registration, including inter alia transparent breakdown into kinds of marks, hints to draft the list of goods or facilitated enclosure and visualization of graphics in a PDF file.

After completing the form, it is possible to generate a file with a summary of the application and/or to save this data on a local disk for later use (e.g. to complete the application or facilitate completion of further applications at a later date).

Source: Kulikowska & Kulikowski, Poland

Legal basis is the Industrial Property Act, in force since August 22, 2001, with latest amendments in force since of November 10, 2022.
Poland is a member of the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol.
Since May 1st, 2004, Poland has been a member of the European Union.
Trademark protection is obtained by registration.
Nice classification, 12th edition
Registrable as a trademark are all signs which are capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one undertaking from those of other undertakings and being represented on the trademarks registers, in a manner which enables to determine the clear and precise subject matter of the granted protection. In particular, it could be a word, including a name, drawing, letter, digit, colour, three dimensional form, including shape of a product or a packaging and a sound.

Protectable non-traditional trademarks: 3-D, colours, sounds, patterns, position marks, animation marks, holograms, multimedia. The list may not be exhaustive.

The following trademark types are registrable: trademarks, service marks, collective marks, certification marks and trade names.
The application is filed at the Patent Office (PPO).
Multiple-class applications are possible.
Foreign applicants if not from EU need a local agent.
A non-legalised power of attorney is sufficient.
It is necessary to file a document evidencing the entitlement of the PoA signatory(s) to represent the applicant, e.g. an excerpt from the relevant Register of Companies, together with its Polish translation (simple translation, not certified).
Foreign applicants do not need a domestic trademark registration.

The application process includes a formal examination and an examination of absolute registration presumptions. Signs not deemed distinctive in the examination can be registered if distinctiveness has been acquired by use before the date of filing trademark application.

The PPO discloses the particulars of the trademark application in the Patent Office’s online database. Further, the PPO examines the absolute grounds and requests the Applicant for explanations in this respect, if necessary.

If the application is deemed distinctive the Patent Office publishes information about the trademark application in the Patent Office Bulletin for the opposition purposes.
The processing time from filing to registration is approx. 6-24 months.

After granting the protection right, the trademark is published in the monthly Official Gazette (Wiadomosci Urzedu Patentowego).
An opposition may be filed only after publishing the information on the trademark application in the Patent Office Bulletin. The opposition period is 3 months from the publication date.

Details regarding the Opposition Period against designation of IR Mark are available in our publication on this topic here
Protection begins with the date of application. A trademark registration is valid for 10 years from the date of the application. The registration is renewable for periods of 10 years.
Practical details on grace periods for trademark renewals are available in our publication here
Practical details on trademark use requirements are available in our publication here
The official fee for a paper trademark application is PLN 450, whereas for an electronic trademark application it is PLN 400 for one class and PLN 120 for each additional class in both aforementioned forms. The registration fee is PLN 400 for each class and a further PLN 90 as publication fee.

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Practical details on trademark licensing are available in our publication here
Online you can see a limited part of information about this country.
More in-depth details are available for the following aspects:

     General Trademark Regulations
     Trademark Use Requirements
     Grace Period for Trademark Renewal
     Trademark Licensing

If you like to purchase all available information for this country, click the order button.
The total price is 49.00 EUR. A PDF-Download will be sent to you electronically.

SMD Group thanks the following law firms for their assictance in updating the information provided.

Mar 27, 2023
Kulikowska & Kulikowski, Warsaw, Poland  

Kulikowska & Kulikowski

Jaroslaw Kulikowski

Jaroslaw Kulikowski
Roma Office Center, ul.Nowogrodzka 47A
00-695 Warsaw
Poland (PL)
Tel +48 22 621 52 02
Fax +48 22 621 61 50

We are one of leading law firms in Poland specializing in the field of intellectual property and rendering complex legal services to both national and international companies with respect to trademarks, inventions, utility models, industrial designs, topography of integrated circuits, geographical indications, domain names, copyrights, unfair competition or company names. The scope of our activities covers any and all services related to obtaining, maintaining and managing exclusive rights as well as their enforcement in the case of infringements.
With 22 years of experience in the intellectual property field, we have won recognition both on the local and international markets, which is confirmed inter alia by the international award we received – Winners of Managing Intellectual Property’s Polish IP Firm of the Year Award 2009 – and our long term co-operation with big and prominent Polish and international corporations, such as TP S.A. (Polish Telecommunication), GPW S.A. (Warsaw Stock Exchange), Wyborowa S.A., Agros Holding S.A., 3M Company, Procter & Gamble, Sanofi Aventis, Syngenta, L’Oréal, Danone, Kraft Foods, Novartis, GSK, Diageo or Shering, to mention but a few.

Polish Patent Office (PPO)
Al. Niepodleglosci 188/192
00-950 Warsaw
Skr. PO 203
Tel +48 22 57 90 00 0 (Switchboard)
Fax +48 22 57 90 00 1

European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)
Avenida de Europa, 4
03008 Alicante
Tel +34 965 139 100

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
34, Chemin des Colombettes
1211 Geneva 20
Tel +41 22 33 89 11 1
Fax +41 22 73 35 42 8